A standard stylized fact in Canada is that we are poorer, on average than the average, American. This has been presented as a fact that is as steady as the northern star. But our evidence on Canadian incomes is pretty shaddy prior to 1870 (here I praise M.C. Urquhart for having designed a GNP series that covers from 1870 to 1926 and links up with the official national accounts even if I think there are some improvements that can be brought to measuring output from some key industries and get the deflator right). But what about anything before 1870? There are some estimates for Ontario from 1826 to 1851 by Lewis and Urquhart (great stuff), but Ontario was pretty much the high-income of Canada.
So, can we go further back? This is what my work is about (partially), and I just made available my results on Canadian living…
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